Appropriations

FY 2019 Budget and Congressional Appropriations

Background

On February 12, 2018, the Administration released its proposed FY 2019 budget, which includes steep decreases in funding for state and local air grants and EPA. The proposed budget, which now goes to Congress for consideration, calls for the following: $152 million for state and local air grants under Sections 103 and 105 of the Clean Air Act, which is a decrease of 33 percent ($75 million) from the FY 2017 amount of $227 million; $6.1 billion for EPA in FY 2019, which is a decrease of $1.8 billion, or 23 percent, from the FY 2017 level (some comparisons are made to FY 2017 because FY 2018 is still under a Continuing Resolution and the final appropriations have not been made); $10 million for grants under the Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA), as compared to $30 million appropriated in FY 2017; transition of the PM2.5 monitoring program from Section 103 authority (which does not require matching grants) to Section 105 (which does require matching funds); $27 million for Multipurpose Grants (“States would be able to spend this funding on any statutorily mandated delegated duty.”); there were no funds appropriated for this in FY 2017; no funding for Targeted Airshed Grants, which received $20 million in FY 2017; 20.5-percent reduction in full-time EPA staff, from 15,416 to 12,250; and elimination of a number of programs including those for Climate Change Research and Partnership, Atmospheric Protection, Indoor Air, Radon, Pollution Prevention and Environmental Education as well as a list of geographic programs. For further information, click here and here.

Key Actions

April 3, 2018 – NACAA submitted testimony to the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies recommending an increase in grants to state and local air pollution control agencies under Sections 103 and 105 of the Clean Air Act.  Specifically, NACAA recommended that Congress increase state and local air grants by $75 million above FY 2018 levels (i.e., approximately $151 million above the Administration’s request), for a total of $303 million.  An increase of $75 million would constitute level funding from FY 2004 if adjusted for inflation.  NACAA opposed the Administration’s proposal to cut state and local air grants by 33 percent (from $228 million in FY 2018 to $152 million in FY 2019).  NACAA also recommended that state and local agencies be provided with flexibility to use the increased funds on the highest priority programs in their areas. Finally, NACAA requested that grants for fine particulate matter monitoring remain under CAA Section 103 authority, where matching funds are not required, rather than being shifted to Section 105 authority.