Appropriations

FY 2020 Budget and Congressional Appropriations

Background

The Administration is expected to release its proposed budget by mid-March 2019.

On March 11, 2019, the Administration issued its FY 2020 budget proposal – A Budget for a Better America – calling for significant cuts for EPA.  In the budget proposal, the Administration recommends $6.1 billion for EPA, which is approximately $2 billion less than Congress appropriated in FY 2019 ($8.06 billion).  The Administration’s proposals for air program funding also include large reductions.  These include the following: $151.96 million for state and local air quality grants under sections 103 and 105 of the Clean Air Act, which is $76.2 million (33.4 percent) less than the $228.2 million Congress appropriated for FY 2019; $10 million for grants under the Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) program, for which Congress appropriated $87 million in FY 2019; nothing for Targeted Airshed Grants, for which Congress appropriated $52 million in FY 2019; and $10 million for Multipurpose Grants, for which Congress appropriated $11 million in FY 2019.  The proposal now goes to Congress, which must consider the recommendations and determine how much to appropriate for FY 2020.  See EPA’s “Budget-in-Brief” (for the discussion about air quality, see p. 19 of the document [p. 23 of the  PDF] and for the charts see p. 64 of the document [p. 68 of the PDF]).  See “A Budget for a Better America” (EPA’s section begins on page 93 of the document [p. 97 of the PDF version]) and the “President’s Budget.”

Key Actions

May 22, 2019 – The House Appropriations Committee marked up and approved the FY 2020 appropriations bill containing EPA funding, including an increase of $10 million in state and local air quality grants under Sections 103/105 of the Clean Air Act.  This would raise the total from $228.2 million in FY 2019 to $238.2 million in FY 2020.  The Administration’s FY 2020 budget proposal called for $151.96 million in state and local air grants.  During full committee mark-up, the total for the Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) program was increased by $5 million over the amount the Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies had approved during its mark-up on May 15, 2019, raising the level to $55 million (as compared to $87 million in FY 2019 and $10 million in the Administration’s FY 2020 request). As adopted by the full committee, the bill also calls for the following: $9.52 billion for EPA’s total budget (as compared to $8.85 billion in FY 2019 and $6.1 billion in the Administration’s FY 2020 request); $30 million for Targeted Airshed Grants (as compared to $52 million in FY 2019 and zero in the Administration’s FY 2020 request); and funding for fine particulate matter monitoring to remain under the authority of Section 103, rather than shifting to Section 105 (NACAA has asked Congress to retain this funding under Section 103 authority). Other provisions were not adopted during the mark-up, although several were introduced and voted down, including reductions to EPA’s enforcement budget and a requirement that EPA certify that regulations would not cause net job losses. Click here for Draft Report Language for FY 2020 Appropriations Bill (EPA section begins on page 75 and EPA charts begin on page 196).

May 6, 2019 – NACAA submitted written testimony to the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies regarding FY 2020 appropriations.  NACAA’s testimony requests that Congress 1) increase federal grants to state and local air pollution control agencies by $82 million above FY 2019 levels, for a total of $310 million (i.e., $158 million above the Administration’s FY 2020 request); 2) provide flexibility to state and local air quality agencies to use any additional grants to address the highest priority programs in their areas; and 3) retain grants for monitoring fine particulate matter (PM2.5) under the authority of Section 103 of the Clean Air Act, rather than shifting it to Section 105.

March 18, 2019 – The Administration released its Congressional Justification for EPA’s budget for FY 2020.

March 18, 2019 – The Administration released its detailed budget estimates for EPA’s budget for FY 2020.

March 14, 2019 - NACAA submitted written testimony to the House Appropriations Subcommittees on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies regarding FY 2020 appropriations.  NACAA’s testimony requests that Congress 1) increase federal grants to state and local air pollution control agencies by $82 million above FY 2019 levels, for a total of $310 million; 2) provide flexibility to state and local air quality agencies to use any additional grants to address the highest priority programs in their areas; and 3) retain grants for monitoring fine particulate matter (PM2.5) under the authority of Section 103 of the Clean Air Act, rather than shifting it to Section 105.  Miles Keogh, NACAA’s Executive Director, provided similar testimony during the Subcommittee’s hearing on February 26, 2019.  

March 11, 2019 – The Administration has issued its FY 2020 budget proposal – A Budget for a Better America – calling for significant cuts for EPA. The budget recommends $6.1 billion for EPA, which is approximately $2 billion less than Congress provided in FY 2019 appropriations ($8.06 billion).  The budget proposal also calls for large reductions in air programs.  These include the following: $151.96 million for state and local air quality grants under Sections 103 and 105 of the Clean Air Act, which is $76.2 million (33.4 percent) less than the $228.2 million Congress appropriated for FY 2019; $10 million for grants under the Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) program, for which Congress appropriated $87 million in FY 2019; nothing for Targeted Airshed Grants, for which Congress appropriated $52 million in FY 2019; and $10 million for Multipurpose Grants, for which Congress appropriated $11 million in FY 2019.  The proposal now goes to Congress, which must consider the recommendations and determine how much to appropriate for FY 2020.  For further information, see https://www.epa.gov/planandbudget/fy-2020-epa-budget-brief (for the discussion about air quality, see p. 19 of the document [p. 23 of the  PDF] and for the charts see p. 64 of the document [p. 68 of the PDF]), https://www.epa.gov/newsreleases/epa-fy-2020-budget-proposal-releasedhttps://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/budget-fy2020.pdf (EPA’s section begins on page 93 of the document, which is page 97 of the PDF version) and https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/

February 26, 2019 – Miles Keogh, NACAA’s Executive Director, testified on behalf of the association at a hearing of the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies regarding the FY 2020 budget for the Environmental Protection Agency.  NACAA’s testimony urged Congress to 1) increase federal grants to state and local air agencies by $82 million above FY 2019 levels, for a total of $310 million; 2) provide flexibility to these agencies to use any additional grants to address the highest priority programs in their areas; and 3) retain grants for monitoring fine particulate matter under the authority of Section 103.